We've had a great opportunity
in asking so many people so many questions
about things ranging from the future to, kind of, advice,
and we thought we'd ask a few questions
that run a little bit of a gamut, really quickly.
- 好的 - 您能看镜头吗
- Mm. Okay. - Can you look into the lens?
We thought it would be interesting to ask you,
in the year 2025, what's the thing you're most certain about?
More people will have access to their own health information.
What do you dream for? Something in 2025?
That less people have to say goodbye too soon to people they love.
That's great. Can you tell us a secret?
I don't have many secrets. Um...
Are you a scientist or a technologist? Or an entrepreneur?
I think I'm an entrepreneur.
I was trained as an engineer,
but... now my time is spent on doing whatever it takes to realize this mission.
Theranos is the integration of the words therapy and diagnosis.
And if we can shift toward a model in which
we're determining the onset of disease in time for therapy to be effective,
we will change outcomes.
You founded this company 12 years ago, right?
Tell 'em how old you were.
I was 19.
There was never sort of a plan to drop out of Stanford,
but I found what I loved.
I found what I wanted to spend my life doing.
Elizabeth has raised more than $400 million.
The company is valued at $9 billion.
You own over 50% of it, right?
Congratulations on that.
We've got an incredible opportunity to try to uphold
a legacy in Silicon Valley of changing the world.
And we like to think about it as a movie,
and you can begin to see that story in a better way.
We see a world in which every person has access
to actionable health information at the time it matters.
A world in which no one ever has to say, "If only I'd known sooner."
A world in which no one ever has to say goodbye too soon.
This future is beginning now.
Nestled in the foothills above Silicon Valley,
there is a 700- acre plot of land
called the Stanford Research Park.
According to the website,
it's a community of and for people who seek to invent the future.
From here came elements of the microwave tube,
the mainframe computer, and the International Space Station.
Steve Jobs在这里待过 Mark Zuckerberg和Elon Musk也一样
Steve Jobs spent time here, so did Mark Zuckerberg and Elon Musk.
Elizabeth Holmes saw herself in their company.
So in the fall of 2014,
she moved her biotech startup Theranos to the research park.
The company employed 800 people and was valued at nearly $10 billion.
Four years later, it was worth less than zero.
To understand what happened,
it pays to look past the price of the stock to the value of the story.
This compelling tale of divining hundreds of diseases from a drop of blood
was a testament to the imagination of the inventor.
In the deserted property she designed,
you can almost hear the echoes of her ambition
and see how glass walls, promising transparency,
could become a labyrinth of mirrors.
Was Elizabeth lost in a landscape between what she could make real
and the world of make- believe?
For me, this was a story of how people get trapped
over time with trading off human values.
And then, the way that they trade off those values
change them as people and things go down.
So part of it was trying to understand- -
and I think this is part of the story-
-is the journey for Elizabeth.
Some people take a path,
trying to do positive things for the world, right?
Nobody questions that her motives were...
were positive, but end up being something bad.
How do we react to this?
You can look at her at the end, and say how could she do this,
but I think that would miss the point
if you don't understand the journey.
If you look at her from the beginning,
it will be a cautionary tale about all of us.
I grew up spending summers and the holidays with my uncle.
I remember how much he loved the beach.
I remember how much I loved him.
He was diagnosed one day with skin cancer,
which all of a sudden was brain cancer, and in his bones.
He didn't live to see his son grow up,
and I never got to say goodbye.
The right to protect the health and well- being of every person,
of those we love, is a basic human right.
Over the course of the last 11 years,
we've made it possible to run comprehensive laboratory tests
from a few drops of blood that could be taken from a finger.
And we've made it possible to eliminate the tubes and tubes of blood
that traditionally have to be drawn from an arm,
and replaced it with the nanotainer.
And if I had one wish, standing here with all of you,
it would be that no one has to go through the pain of traditional phlebotomy.
I was always... absolutely terrified of giving blood.
It's the only thing in my life I've ever been scared of.
If we were to sit here and dream up torture experiments,
psychologically, the concept of sticking large needles
over and over into someone, and draining out so much blood,
while they're watching this blood being sucked out of them,
that you've basically completely debilitated them,
that qualifies as a pretty good torture experiment in my book.
I find it quite disturbing.
This technician is preparing the blood sample for a white cell count.
She dilutes the blood with a special fluid
and puts a measured amount into a pipette.
Since, really, the clinical lab infrastructure began to develop,
we've had this highly centralized, very big,
analytical instruments which require that much blood,
and therefore, people have had to take tubes and tubes
every time they do a blood draw.
So, laboratory testing hasn't changed since the 1950s.
It's the closest thing to mainframe computers versus- -
it's not even PCs- - versus mobile phones that... that I've ever seen, right?
So, the timing is very ripe to change this paradigm.
There's no shortcut to really hard work.
And we learn so much more from our failures
than we did from our successes.
We code- named our product "The Edison"
because we assumed we'd have to fail 10,000 times to get it to work the 10,001st.
And we did.
What does it mean to invent something?
It could be an act of creation, or an act of deception.
The world's greatest inventor did both.
We think of Thomas Edison as the inventor of the phonograph,
the electric light bulb, and the way we look at the world.
Edison's company made one of the first motion picture cameras